The shoulder is a complex joint comprising bones, ligaments, tendons and many other structures, and pain and other issues can occur whenever one of these components is damaged through injury or disease. Injuries related to car accidents, sports, slip-and-fall accidents and work-related accidents, including repetitive stress and overuse injuries, are all common causes of shoulder pain and other symptoms. Shoulder pain also can be caused by problems in the arms, upper back or neck. Some of the most common types of shoulder injuries or diseases include:
injuries to the rotator cuff
ligament or tendon injuries/tears
Physical therapy helps address the root cause of shoulder pain and stiffness, including issues that occur in and around the shoulder, back and neck for optimal healing and recovery.
The term “frozen shoulder” is used to describe a condition that causes extreme pain and tenderness when moving the shoulder, as well as restricted range of motion in the joint. Frozen shoulder often occurs after a period of immobility, such as following shoulder surgery or after wearing a sling for a long period of time, but it can occur for other reasons as well. In frozen shoulder, the tissues surrounding the shoulder joint become stiff and sometimes develop scarring that can further restrict normal motion. Having physical therapy following a shoulder injury or shoulder surgery plays a critical role in helping to prevent the development of frozen shoulder.
Bursa are small, fluid-filled sacs that help cushion the shoulder joint and promote normal and pain-free movement. Sometimes, the bursa can become irritated and inflamed, often as a result of repetitive lifting of heavy loads or other constant use of the shoulder joint. When bursa become inflamed, they can cause pain and stiffness resulting in reduced range of motion.
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